Explanations for the Definitions:
a. LA Turn/Twist – Any
type of turn or twist that goes around the longitudinal axis of the body. The
longitudinal axis is a
line drawn down the middle of the body from head to toe.
b. LA Turns/Twists That
Are Direction Changes – Only ½, 1½, and 2½ LA turns/twists are direction
changes. All other LA
turns/twists, 1/1 and 2/1, finish facing and moving the same direction and
therefore do not
constitute a change of direction.
c. Elements – Any
movement with value is called an element.
d. Value Parts –
Elements become Value Parts and can count for difficulty when they are
according to specific
criteria on each event:
Criteria on each event:
Bars: To receive Value Part credit, an element is almost
completed and contact with the bar occurs. (7-2-6)
Beam: To receive Value Part credit, an element is almost
completed and weight is borne. (8-2-7)
Floor: To receive Value Part credit, an element is almost
completed and weight is borne. (9-2-5)
e. Difficulty – The sum
of the Value Parts.
2. Description of
Hand Grip Positions – Uneven Bars:
NOTE: When a handstand or
circling element to handstand is followed by a turn, the turn is considered
as part of that circle or handstand. Together, it is considered
one element. (Example: clear hip handstand
1/2 turn is one advanced high superior element.)
a. Overgrip or Regular
Grip – Used for kips, casts, hip circles, backward giants, etc. When in a front
support, knuckles are
facing upward, palms down.
b. Undergrip or Reverse
Grip – Used for front giants, forward stride (mill circles), etc. and is
attained by means of a “hop
change” from overgrip. When in a front support, knuckles are facing
downward, palms upward
c. Mixed Grip – One
hand is in overgrip and the other is in undergrip.
d. L-Grip or Eagle Grip
– The arms are twisted 360 degrees from undergrip, through overgrip and
continuing. The arms
are twisted with thumbs pointed away from the body. In an L-grip front giant,
elbows are pointing in
the direction of the giant.
e. Mixed L-Grip – One
hand is in L-grip and the other hand is almost always in an undergrip.
3. Description of
Handstand Turn Techniques – Uneven Bars:
a. Blind Change – A
basic ½ turn typically performed as a back giant, back stalder, sole circle, or
hip to handstand nears
completion. The gymnast’s chest leads or moves forward. When turning left,
the left hand remains
on the bar and, if continuing through handstand, the right hand regrasps in an
undergrip. A blind
change can include a second hand change to finish in an overgrip if connecting
an underswing ½ over
the low bar (bail ½ turn) rather than continuing through handstand.
b. Pirouette – This
term is normally used for a ½ turn in handstand in which there are two hand
one before the turn and
one after the turn. When turning right, the left hand first changes from
overgrip to undergrip
while pivoting around the left arm. As the turn is completed, the right hand
regrasps in overgrip
and the left hand is again in overgrip as a result of the ½ turn.
c. Higgins Roll – This
½ turn occurs as the gymnast leaves the handstand, leading with the back. When
turning right, the left
hand remains on the bar and twists to an L-grip as she turns. The right hand
regrasps in either a
mixed L-grip or in an L-grip. (Looks like a ½ pirouette but the base hand doesn’t
d. Healy Technique: 360
degree turn on one arm – this is a full turn on one arm performed after the
handstand phase. The
base (pivoting) hand begins in undergrip and pivots on one arm until a full
has been completed. It
finishes in a mixed L-grip or L-grip.
4. Inquiries: A coach shall submit a
written inquiry or a verbal intent to inquire with the meet referee within
five minutes after all scores are recorded for that team for
that event. For example, if a coach wants to
submit a written inquiry on balance beam, but the team is
immediately up on floor exercise, the coach
may verbally notify the meet referee of intent to inquire. At
the next earliest opportunity, the coach shall
submit the written inquiry to the meet referee. Following the
first inquiry submitted by the coach, any
subsequent inquiry, with the exception of inquiries concerning
mathematical errors, that does not result
in a score correction shall result in a 0.5 team score
5. Description of
Selected Jumps and Leaps:
a. There are three leg
positions that are the basis of the criteria for awarding credit for leaps and
requiring a split.
Split or stag-split leaps/jumps have a forward-backward split. Side split jumps
a sideward split
(straddle). In a straddle pike position, the body is piked at the hips with
and split to at least
b. To receive credit
for a Schuschunova, the gymnast must show straddle-pike jump, legs horizontal,
then legs circle around
to stretched position prior to landing in a front lying position on the floor.
c. The Khorkina is
listed to draw attention to the fact that the twist is a horizontal, not a
vertical twist and
it has no root
jump/leap. A Khorkina is leap, 1½ horizontal twist to the prone position. All
and leaps have the same
value to the prone position as to a stand.
d. A switch-leg leap to
wolf position has the same value as a wolf jump. It is considered a different
element because the
take-off is from one leg rather than from two. A switch-leg leap to wolf
is a wolf shape.
e. A hitchkick and a
cabriole do not have a shape and therefore may not be used in a series to
event requirement of a
dance series of different shapes on floor exercise.
6. Vaulting: Due to the 3º slant in
the top of the vault table, a slight bend in the first arm to make contact
is acceptable technique on Tsukahara and quarter-on vaults, so
there is no deduction taken.
Round-off entry vaults are legal provided a spotter is present
before the gymnast vaults and there is a
board safety mat around the board. It is legal for a round-off
entry vault to include a salto and a twist in
any flight phase.